|Subject: August vacation|
SIGHTSEEING in Salzburg
Take the 8-hour tour from Salzburg to the Salzkammergut-the lakes and
mountains surrounding Salzburg. Sit on the right side of the bus. On the
boat trip in Gmunden sit on right side of boat!
At the southeast foot of the Monchsberg rock lie the church and district called Sanct Peter, consisting of the Benedictine arch-abbey and college, the Romanesque Stiftskirche Sanct Peter and the Petersfriedhof (St. Peter's cemetery), including the late Gothic Margarethen Kapelle (St. Margaret's Chapel).
Festung Hohensalzburg, the great fortress. Once the stronghold of the city's prince-archbishops, fortress begun in 1077.
Mozart Museum, Getreidegasse 9, where Mozart was born in 1756, and where he composed many of his earlier works.
Schloss Mirabell, Neustadt, across the river over the Makart-Steg. Very lovely gardens.
Dreifaltigkeitskirche, in the Neustadt, a church dedicated to the Holy Trinity in wonderful Baroque.
Residenz, on the east side of Residenzplatz, built in the 16th century as a residence by the prince-bishops. Guided tours of the state rooms are offered for 40 schillings July-Aug. 10 to 4:40; Sept-June 10-3.
St. Peter's Cathedral, an ancient Romanesque basilica with Rococo interior, behind which is the Petersfriedhof (St. Peter's Cemetery) an old burial ground with Baroque chapels.
The Catacombs, a secret prayer site hewn into the cliffs by Christians at least 1500 years ago; tours hourly May-Sept 10-5; Oct.-Apr. 11-12 and 1:30 to 3:30, 10 schilling charge.
Collegiate Church on the Universitatsplatz.
Horse Pond, an ornate 17th century drinking fountain built for the prince-bishops' horses.
Getreidegasse is a shopping street known for its old facades with overhead wrought-iron signs.
Mirabell Gardens in the New Town with its Zwerglgarten with devilish statues of gnomes.
Schloss Mirabell has the remains of a palace dating from 1606. Its Marble Hall is considered one of Europe's loveliest concert halls.
Mozarts Wohnhaus (Mozart's Residence) where he lived from 1773 to 1787, open 10-6 June 6 -Aug. 31; closes at 5 pm during the rest of the year. Admission 35 schillings.
At the top of the Monchsberg ridge offers an unparalleled view of town and castle. Up top is a panoramic terrace, the Cafe Winkler, and Salzburg's gambling casino. You can walk up to Monchsberg or take the Monchsberg Lift, an elevator costing 19 schilling round trip.
Schloss Hellbrunn, (open Apr.-Oct.; 9-4:30; Apr., mid-Sept-Oct.; 9-5 May-mid-Sept.) 3 miles south of town, built in 1615 by the prince-bishops as a pleasure palace and country residence. It is known for its Italian-style gardens with Trick Fountains and Mechanical Theater. On the grounds are also the Folklore Museum and the Alpine Zoo. Bus #55 runs from Salzburg to the Schloss and local trains from Salzburg go to Hellbrunn Station, a mile from the palace. Thirty-minute palace tours depart daily 9-5. During July and August the palace and mischievous fountains are open nightly from 6-10.
Leopoldskron Palace (Schloss Leopoldskron), one of the must sees in Salzburg. It is private property and cannot be toured, but the view from the back with the pond, the palace and the Fortress is well worth the trip on the sightseeing bus, the bus 15 or the taxi ride.
Salzburg Castle, since 1077, the fortified stronghold of the prince-bishops, has hovered over the Old Town. The interior has a torture chamber and tons of armaments on display. You can climb steep paths or take a funicular (apr.-Oct only; 17 schillings one way or 27 schillings two ways.) Castle grounds open daily 8-7 Apr.-Sept; 8-6 Oct.-Mar. 20 schillings admission charge. Forty-minute guided tours of the castle costing 45 schillings are available daily June-Sept. 9:30 am-6:30 pm, to 4:30 other months.
>From June through August, Schlosskonzerte (palace concerts) are presented nightly for 270 schillings in two wonderful world-famous places: the Miraell Palace's Marble Hall and the Residenz' Hall of Knights. About half the palace concerts are Mozart works. Classical concerts are staged on Monday and Thursday nights from Easter to October at the Hellbrunn Palace.
Salzburg's Marionette Theater, is very famous. Since 1913, two-foot-tall puppets have performed famous operas, mainly Mozart, in an entertaining way. Apr.-Sept only.
St, Peter's Cemetery, St. Peter's Abbey, historically the seed from which the city grew. The present church is a Romanesque basilica from the 1130s, with its last renovation from 1754 to 1785. The entrance still dates from 1240.
Makartplatz 8, is where Mozart lived from 1773-1780. It was unfortunately mostly destroyed in WWII.
Trinity Church completed in 1699, also on Markartplatz.
The Salzburg Festival is one of Europe's most prestigious classical music festivals. Concerts are held at several places such as the Mirabell Palace, the Mirabell Gardens and the Residenz as well as at the Festspielhaus. For specific festival information contact the Austrian Music Festivals desk at the Austrian National tourist Office, 500 Fifth Ave., Suite 2009, New York, NY 10110; 212-944-6880. Usually held from the end of July to the end of August. Local Salzburg phone number: (43-662)844501. Tickets are from $9-$325.
Salzburg has several great day trips that are easy to do by public transportation, or via one of many bus excursions. Both Munich and Innsbruck are easy day trips, as are: Berchtesgaden, a famous German Bavarian resort near the idyllic Koningssee, with Hitler's Eagles Nest nearby; Prien, 45 minutes from Salzburg by rail, a short boat ride away from Mad Ludwig's Schloss Herrenchiemsee which is situated on an island in the Chiemsee; Bad Ischl, a nice resort town that was the summer residence of the Austrian emperors; Hallstatt, a pretty alpine village on a lake (great hiking area; salt mine tours; world-famous Dachstein ice caves nearby. Sandy in LA